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Keywords:

  • curing of polymers;
  • UV/moisture dual-curing;
  • Michael addition;
  • coatings;
  • rheology

Abstract

The novel silicone-modified polyacrylate reactive diluents for UV/moisture dual-curable coatings were synthesized from N,N-bis[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl]amine and multifunctional acrylates such as ethoxylated trimethylolpropane triacrylate and polyethyleneglycol diacrylate through Michael addition reaction. Their structures were characterized by NMR and FTIR and their average molecular weights were determined by vapor pressure osmometry. With FTIR, it was found that the obtained diluents could be cured both by UV radiation and moisture mode. The 29Si-NMR showed that dimer was the main condensation product at the initial stage of moisture curing. The rheological behavior of the diluents investigated by rotary viscometer indicated they were very close to Newtonian fluid, and the viscosity of coatings decreased evenly with increasing concentration of reactive diluents in the coatings. In particular, they were found to be highly efficient in diluency and reactivity for UV polymerization. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 98: 1500–1504, 2005