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Blends of poly(ethylene terephthalate) and poly(butylene terephthalate)

Authors

  • G. Aravinthan,

    1. Polymer Engineering and Technology Department, University of Mumbai, Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400 019, India
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  • D. D. Kale

    Corresponding author
    1. Polymer Engineering and Technology Department, University of Mumbai, Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400 019, India
    • Polymer Engineering and Technology Department, University of Mumbai, Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400 019, India
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Abstract

Commercial grade poly(ethylene terephthalate), (PET, intrinsic viscosity = 0.80 dL/g) and poly(butylene terephthalate), (PBT, intrinsic viscosity = 1.00 dL/g) were melt blended over the entire composition range using a counterrotating twin-screw extruder. The mechanical, thermal, electrical, and rheological properties of the blends were studied. All of the blends showed higher impact properties than that of PET or PBT. The 50:50 blend composition exhibited the highest impact value. Other mechanical properties also showed similar trends for blends of this composition. The addition of PBT increased the processability of PET. Differential scanning calorimetry data showed the presence of both phases. For all blends, only a single glass-transition temperature was observed. The melting characteristics of one phase were influenced by the presence of the other. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 98: 75–82, 2005

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