Compliant phase reduces polymerization shrinkage in dental composite resin



Commercially available dental composite resins undergo polymerization shrinkage during curing, setting up internal stress that can result in debonding at the tooth-composite interface, tooth fracture and composite failure. Debonding can also lead to marginal leakage and recurrent decay. The presence of a compliant phase, in this case polybutadiene in aggregate form with fumed silica, is shown to reduce polymerization shrinkage in the bis-GMA/TEGDMA resin system. The addition of a small amount of the plasticizer triphenylethylene promoted additional reduction in cure shrinkage by reducing the glass transition temperature, Tg. A trend toward reduced cure shrinkage was noted as the polybutadiene : silica ratio decreased within each molecular weight of polybutadiene tested. The optimal formulation tested was determined to be 0.25 wt. % triphenylethylene in bis-GMA with aggregates formed from polybutadiene of molecular weight 2–3 million, in a polybutadiene : silica ratio of 0.005. Shrinkage reduction in this system was ∼ 42% without loss of Knoop hardness. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 97: 2306–2310, 2005