Cellulose nanofibers prepared by the N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide method

Authors

  • Piotr Kulpinski

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Man-Made Fibres, Technical University of Lodz, ul. Zeromskiego 116, 90-543 Lodz, Poland
    • Department of Man-Made Fibres, Technical University of Lodz, ul. Zeromskiego 116, 90-543 Lodz, Poland
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Abstract

The process of electrospinning is very suitable for obtaining fibers with a diameter on a nanometer scale. Such fibers can be spun from almost all kinds of known polymers, copolymers, and polymer blends. In this work, we present cellulose nanofibers obtained by the electrospinning process from spinning dopes containing cellulose dissolved in an N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide/water system. Under different electrospinning process conditions, cellulose fibers, a nonwoven fiber network, and a cellulose membrane were obtained. The fibers were examined with scanning electron microscopy. The diameters of the fibers were in the submicrometer range. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 98: 1855–1859, 2005

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