Enhancing mechanical properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) blown films by drawing and surface crosslinking

Authors

  • Li Li,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Polymer Research Institute, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
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  • Qi Wang,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Polymer Research Institute, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
    • State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Polymer Research Institute, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
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  • Ru Wang

    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Polymer Research Institute, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
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Abstract

Thermal blowing of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) film was successfully realized based on molecular complexation. Ways to enhance the performance of the PVA blown films (drawing and surface crosslinking) were studied. The experimental results showed that water exists in PVA films in different states through hydrogen bonds with PVA and other modifiers and influences the drawability of PVA films, as well as the structure and properties of the stretched films. When the initial water content of the film was higher than 35.0%, the draw ratio of the PVA film was quite large because of the effects of the bound water with PVA, as well as the plasticization of free water. With the increase of the initial water content in PVA, the free water content and draw ratio of the films increased but the strength of the films decreased because of the higher residual water in the films. Surface crosslinking can improve the stretchability of PVA films because more water remains in the films and disrupts the hydrogen bonding of PVA. In addition, crosslinking enhances the mechanical properties of stretched PVA films. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 98: 774–779, 2005

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