Performance evaluation of high-cis 1,4-polybutadienes

Authors

  • Neusa M. T. Pires,

    1. Petroflex Indústria & Comércio S. A., Rua Marumbi, 600, Campos Elíseos, Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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  • Antônio A. Ferreira,

    1. Petroflex Indústria & Comércio S. A., Rua Marumbi, 600, Campos Elíseos, Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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  • Clóvis H. de Lira,

    1. Petroflex Indústria & Comércio S. A., Rua Marumbi, 600, Campos Elíseos, Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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  • Paulo L. A. Coutinho,

    1. Petroflex Indústria & Comércio S. A., Rua Marumbi, 600, Campos Elíseos, Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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  • Luiz F. Nicolini,

    1. Petroflex Indústria & Comércio S. A., Rua Marumbi, 600, Campos Elíseos, Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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  • Bluma G. Soares,

    1. Instituto de Macromoléculas Professora Eloisa Mano, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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  • Fernanda M. B. Coutinho

    Corresponding author
    1. Instituto de Macromoléculas Professora Eloisa Mano, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    2. Departamento de Processos Químicos, Instituto de Química, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Haroldinho, 3° andar, sala 310, 20.559-900 Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    • Instituto de Macromoléculas Professora Eloisa Mano, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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Abstract

This article reports the results of a study comparing commercially available high-cis polybutadiene rubbers (BRs) proceeding from different production technologies and bearing distinct structural characteristics. The microstructure of these polymers was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; molecular weight and polydispersity values were characterized by size exclusion chromatography (SEC). The degree of branching was characterized by SEC and dynamic mechanical rheological testing (RPA 2000). Glass-transition temperature was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry, and rheological properties were characterized with an oscillating rheometer rubber process analyzer (RPA 2000). Tire tread formulations were prepared with carbon black HAF N-339 as a reinforcement filler, and we compared the mechanical properties and performance of the different elastomer compositions. The compositions were characterized by their rheological properties, tensile resistance, resistance to abrasion, resistance to tearing, permanent deformation, resilience, and fatigue properties. The tested compositions obtained from BRs with distinct structural characteristics showed different performances. Neodymium-salt-based catalysts produced BRs with higher cis-1,4 levels and higher linearities. These polymer compositions also showed higher performances in abrasion resistance, fatigue resistance, and resilience tests. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 99: 88–99, 2006

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