Condensed tannins from the bark of black wattle (Acacia mearnsii L.) were solubilized with phenol using HCl as a catalyst. The optimum reaction parameters (temperature, time, and acid concentration) of the dissolution were determined. The results showed a clear effect on the percentage of reacted phenol and residue tannin by temperature, time and, particularly, acid concentration. It was found that almost 77% of the phenol used could be reacted with the tannin, and about 90% of the tannin could be solubilized into phenol in the presence of HCl (as a catalyst) having a concentration of 5%. The optimum temperature, time, and acid concentration were 160°C, 90 min, and 4%–5%, respectively. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 98: 2450–2453, 2005
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.