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Rheological and isothermal crystallization characteristics of neat and calcium carbonate-filled syndiotactic polypropylene

Authors

  • Pitt Supaphol,

    Corresponding author
    1. The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
    • The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
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  • Wipasiri Harnsiri

    1. The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
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Abstract

Steady-state and oscillatory shear behavior of three neat syndiotactic polypropylene (s-PP) resins and a s-PP resin (s-PP#8) filled with CaCO3 particles of varying content, size, and type of surface modification were investigated. All of the neat s-PP resins investigated exhibited the expected shear-thinning behavior. Both the storage and loss moduli increased with decreasing temperature. The shift factors used to construct the master curves were fitted well with both the Arrhenius and the Williams–Landel–Ferry (WLF) equations. The inclusion of CaCO3 particles of varying content, size, and type of surface modification, to a large extent, affected both the steady-state and oscillatory shear behavior of s-PP/CaCO3 compounds, with the property values being found to increase with increasing content, decreasing size, and surface coating of the CaCO3 particles. Lastly, the effects of melt-annealing and crystallization temperatures on isothermal crystallization behavior of s-PP#8 filled with CaCO3 particles of varying content, size, and type of surface modification were also investigated. The half-time of crystallization of neat s-PP#8 exhibited a strong correlation with the choice of the melt-annealing temperature (Tf) when Tf was less than about 160 °C, while it became independent of Tf when Tf was greater than about 160 °C. On the other hand, the half-time of crystallization of s-PP#8/CaCO3 compounds did not vary much with the Tf. Generally, the observed half-time of crystallization decreased with increasing CaCO3 content and increased with increasing CaCO3 particle size. Finally, coating the surface of CaCO3 particles with either stearic acid or paraffin reduced the ability of the particles to effectively nucleate s-PP#8. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 100: 4515–4525, 2006

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