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Physical properties of twisted structures. II. Industrial yarns, cords, and ropes

Authors

  • Ning Pan,

    Corresponding author
    1. Division of Textiles and Clothing, Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department, University of California, Davis, California 95616
    • Division of Textiles and Clothing, Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department, University of California, Davis, California 95616
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  • David Brookstein

    1. Philadelphia College of Textile & Science, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19144
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Abstract

In this article, we review the progress made in the area of industrial twisted fibrous structures. First, we focus on the general geometrical description of the structures, and then move to issues including the tensile behavior and fracture process. The effects of fiber bending and torsion, strain rate, and viscoelasticity are also discussed. The influences of both dynamic and fatigue loadings are studied as well. Discussion on the fiber blending and on the behavior of blended hybrid structures is provided. Further, a special section is included in which six specific topical areas, their significance toward textile science, and the progress made in these areas are introduced and summarized. Finally, experimental issues are discussed. Although this article is intended to serve as a complete review of the subject, because of the limit of both time and space, we can only focus on the areas in which we are most familiar. This article, therefore, is by no means exhaustive or authoritative in every topic discussed. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 83: 610–630, 2002

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