Effects of substituted aromatic heterocyclic phosphate salts on properties, crystallization, and melting behaviors of isotactic polypropylene

Authors

  • Yue-Fei Zhang,

    1. UNILAB Research Center of Chemical Reaction Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, People's Republic of China
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  • Zhong Xin

    Corresponding author
    1. UNILAB Research Center of Chemical Reaction Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, People's Republic of China
    • UNILAB Research Center of Chemical Reaction Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

Nucleation effects of 2,2′-methylene-bis (4,6-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphate metal salts as a nucleating agent for isotactic polypropylene (iPP) were investigated with differential scanning calorimeter and polarized optical microscope, and their effects on mechanical, optical, and heat resistance properties of iPP were also studied. The results showed that monovalent metal salts of substituted aromatic heterocyclic phosphate such as sodium salt, lithium salt, and potassium salt had a good performance. With 0.2 wt % of sodium salt, lithium salt, or potassium salt incorporated into iPP, the crystallization peak temperature of iPP could be increased by 13.5, 13.6, and 15.0°C, respectively; the mass fraction of crystallinity of iPP could be increased by about 5%; and crystallization rate was enhanced increasingly. Meanwhile the tensile strength and flexural modulus of iPP could be increased by about 10 and 30%, respectively, and the clarity and heat distortion temperature of iPP could also be improved significantly. But bivalent and trivalent metal salts of substituted aromatic heterocyclic phosphate had little effect on properties of iPP. Meanwhile the morphology study showed that the addition of monovalent sodium salt could decrease the spherulite size of iPP significantly. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 100: 4868–4874, 2006

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