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Carbon black filled powdered natural rubber: Preparation, particle size distribution, mechanical properties, and structures

Authors

  • Anqiang Zhang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Polymer Material Science and Engineering, College of Material Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
    • Department of Polymer Material Science and Engineering, College of Material Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
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  • Lianshi Wang,

    1. Department of Polymer Material Science and Engineering, College of Material Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
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  • Yaling Lin,

    1. Department of Polymer Material Science and Engineering, College of Material Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
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  • Xiongfei Mi

    1. Department of Polymer Material Science and Engineering, College of Material Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
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Abstract

Carbon black (HAF) filled powdered natural rubber (P(NR/HAF)) was prepared and the particle size distribution, mechanical properties, and micromorphology of P(NR/HAF) were studied. A carbon black–rubber latex coagulation method was developed for preparing carbon black filled free-flowing, noncontact staining NR powders with particle diameter less than 0.9 mm. A powdering mechanism model was put forward to describe the powdering process, which shows that the key technical points consist in the surfactant with good emulsification properties and the polymer coating resin with good film forming properties. SEM analysis shows that carbon black and rubber matrix have formed a macroscopic homogenization in the P(NR/HAF) particles without contact staining, and carbon black particles are well dispersed in rubber matrix with diameter of about 50–150 nm. P(NR/HAF) vulcanizate showed better mechanical properties than bale natural rubber/carbon black blends (NR/HAF) and simple NR latex/carbon black blends (NRL/HAF), which depends primarily upon the absence of free carbon black, the fine dispersion of filler on the rubber matrix, and the better interaction between carbon black and rubber matrix due to the proper preparation condition of noncontact staining carbon black filled powdered NR. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 101: 1763–1774, 2006

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