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The effect of crosslinking on the mechanical properties of polylactic acid/polycaprolactone blends

Authors

  • Takeshi Semba,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Applied Chemistry, Kyoto Municipal Industrial Research Institute, Industrial Research Center, Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto 600-8813, Japan
    • Department of Applied Chemistry, Kyoto Municipal Industrial Research Institute, Industrial Research Center, Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto 600-8813, Japan
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  • Kazuo Kitagawa,

    1. Department of Applied Chemistry, Kyoto Municipal Industrial Research Institute, Industrial Research Center, Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto 600-8813, Japan
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  • Umaru Semo Ishiaku,

    1. Division of Advanced Fibro-Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Gosyokaido-cho, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan
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  • Hiroyuki Hamada

    1. Department of Applied Chemistry, Kyoto Municipal Industrial Research Institute, Industrial Research Center, Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto 600-8813, Japan
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Abstract

The improvement of the brittle behavior of Polylactic acid (PLA) resin was studied by blending it with Polycaprolactone (PCL) resin. These materials were fabricated into the compressed films and injection moldings. The values of tensile modulus and strength were appropriate, judging from the rule of mixtures. However, the ultimate tensile strain was very small. Dicumyl peroxide (DCP) was added to this blend system to improve its ultimate tensile strain. It was found that the value of ultimate tensile strain peaked at low DCP concentration. The samples at low DCP contents show yield point and ductile behavior under tensile test. The impact strength of the optimum composition was 2.5 times superior to neat PLA, and ductile behavior such as plastic deformation was observed at its fracture surface. It was found that the carbonyl groups of the blend material with DCP were altered by using FTIR spectroscopy. Dynamic mechanical analysis data revealed the dual phase nature of PLA/PCL blend albeit with good interfacial adhesion, and the DCP enhanced the viscous property in PCL phase, which agreed with tensile ductility and impact strength. The mechanical properties of this blend are comparable to those of general purpose HIPS and ABS. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 101: 1816–1825, 2006

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