Characterization and comparison of polyurethane networks prepared using soybean-based polyols with varying hydroxyl content and their blends with petroleum-based polyols



Polyurethane Networks (PUNs) were synthesized using polyols derived from soybean oil, petroleum, or a blend of the two in conjunction with diisocyanate. The soybean-based polyols (SBPs) were prepared using air oxidation, or by hydroxylating epoxidized soybean oil. Some of the networks were subjected to several solvents to determine their respective swelling behavior and solubility parameters. Sol-fractions were also determined, and DMA experiments were utilized to monitor the changes in storage modulus and tan δ with temperature for networks with sol and with the sol extracted. A linear relationship was noted between the hydroxyl number of a SBP and the glass transition temperature of its corresponding unextracted PU network within the range of hydroxyl numbers (i.e., 55–237 mg KOH/g) and glass transition temperatures (i.e., −21–+83°C) encountered in this work. This same linear relationship was realized between the weighted hydroxyl number of soy and petroleum-based polyol blends and the glass transition temperature of the resulting unextracted and extracted network PUs within the ranges utilized in this study (i.e., 44–57 mg KOH/g, −54–19°C). © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 101: 1432–1443, 2006