Copolymerization kinetics of acrylonitrile with amino ethyl-2-methyl propenoate in H2O/DMSO mixture



Amino ethyl-2-methyl propenoate (AEMP) was used successfully to copolymerize with acrylonitrile (AN). This was achieved by using azobisisobutyronitrile as the initiator. Kinetics of copolymerization of AN with AEMP was investigated in H2O/dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) mixture between 50 and 70 °C under N2 atmosphere. The rate of copolymerization was measured. The kinetic equation of copolymerization system was obtained and the overall activation energy for the copolymerization system was determined. Values of monomer apparent reactivity ratios were calculated using Kelen–Tudos method. It has been found that the apparent reactivity ratios in aqueous suspension polymerization system are similar to those in solution polymerization system at polymerization conversion less than 25%. At conversion beyond 45%, the changes of monomer apparent reactivity ratios become less prominent. In water-rich reaction medium (H2O/DMSO > 70/30), monomer apparent reactivity ratios are approximately equivalent to those in aqueous suspension polymerization system. In DMSO-rich reaction medium (DMSO/H2O > 70/30), apparent reactivity ratios are similar to those in solution polymerization system. With an increase of polarity of solvent, values of apparent reaction ratios both decrease. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 101: 2095–2100, 2006