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Nanosized silica-supported metallocene/MAO catalyst for propylene polymerization



A nanosized silica particle was used as the support to prepare an Et[Ind]2ZrCl2/MAO catalyst for propylene polymerization of polypropylene. The catalyst and the polymer produced were characterized with nitrogen adsorption, ICP, DSC, SEM, TEM, XRD, solution viscometer, 13C NMR and optical microscopy. The effects of polymerization temperature and [Al]/[Zr] ratio on catalyst activity and polymer melting point were investigated. Under identical reaction conditions, nanosized catalyst exhibited better polymerization activity than the microsized catalyst (e.g., the former had 64% higher activity than the latter at the optimum polymerization temperature (50°C) and [Al]/[Zr] = 570). DSC results indicated that polymer melting point increased with the increase of [Al]/[Zr] ratio and with the decrease of polymerization temperature. XRD results showed that the percentage of γ crystals increased with decreasing [Al]/[Zr] ratio. Electron microscopic results showed that the polymer particle size increased with increasing polymerization temperature. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 101: 2573–2580, 2006