Smart anionic polyelectrolytes based on natural polymer for complexation of cationic surfactant



The thermosensitive polyelectrolytes were obtained by grafting 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid (AMPS) onto hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC), a biodegradable polysaccharide. The interactions of the polymers with dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride (DTAC), a model cationic surfactant, were studied. It was found by the measurements of the surface tension and the analysis of fluorescence emission of pyrene used as a fluorescent probe, that the HPC–AMPS graft polymers strongly interact with DTAC with the formation of polymer–surfactant complexes. The critical aggregation concentrations of these polymer–surfactant systems were found to be of the order of 105 mol/dm3. The polymers were found to be potentially useful in the purification of water from cationic surfactants. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 102: 2401–2407, 2006