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Ultraviolet preirradiation of high-density polyethylene for the grafting of maleic anhydride during reactive extrusion

Authors

  • J. G. Martinez,

    Corresponding author
    1. Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada, Boulevard Enrique Reyna Hermosillo 140, Saltillo, Coahuila, México, 25253
    • Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada, Boulevard Enrique Reyna Hermosillo 140, Saltillo, Coahuila, México, 25253
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  • R. Benavides,

    1. Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada, Boulevard Enrique Reyna Hermosillo 140, Saltillo, Coahuila, México, 25253
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  • C. Guerrero

    1. Facultad de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica, Universidad Autónoma, Torre de la Rectoría, 7 Piso, Ciudad Universitaria San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo Leon, México 66450
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Abstract

High-density polyethylene was irradiated with ultraviolet light for various exposure times, as a prestep for hydroperoxide production, before a bulk grafting reaction with maleic anhydride in the melt phase by reactive extrusion. This method was compared with a traditional grafting procedure using peroxides optimized by an evaluation of the grafting level versus the screw speed; the highest speed showed the greatest grafting value. The reaction was followed by Fourier transform infrared, the gel percentage, and the grafting degree, which was evaluated by titration. The effect of grafting for both methods under the established processing conditions on the thermal properties was observed with differential scanning calorimetry via their heating and cooling thermograms; there were notorious changes in the fusion peak temperatures, indicating differences in the crystallization process after the grafting reaction. The latter was confirmed by NMR spectroscopy, which showed succinic anhydride rings attached to the polyethylene chains. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 102: 2882–2888, 2006

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