Evaluation by various experimental approaches of the crosslink density of urethane networks based on hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene

Authors

  • V. Sekkar,

    Corresponding author
    1. Analytical Division, Chemical Engineering and Energy Systems Group, Propellants, Chemicals and Materials, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum-22, India 695 022
    • Analytical Division, Chemical Engineering and Energy Systems Group, Propellants, Chemicals and Materials, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum-22, India 695 022
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  • K. Narayanaswamy,

    1. Analytical Division, Chemical Engineering and Energy Systems Group, Propellants, Chemicals and Materials, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum-22, India 695 022
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  • K. J. Scariah,

    1. Analytical Division, Chemical Engineering and Energy Systems Group, Propellants, Chemicals and Materials, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum-22, India 695 022
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  • P. R. Nair,

    1. Analytical Division, Chemical Engineering and Energy Systems Group, Propellants, Chemicals and Materials, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum-22, India 695 022
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  • K. S. Sastri,

    1. Analytical Division, Chemical Engineering and Energy Systems Group, Propellants, Chemicals and Materials, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum-22, India 695 022
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  • How Ghee Ang

    1. Department of Chemistry, 3 Science Drive 3, Blk S5-06-01, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543
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Abstract

Crosslink density (CLD) is an important characteristic for elastomeric polymer networks. The mechanical and viscoelastic properties of the elastomers are critically dependant on the CLD. Several methods have been adopted for its determination, but swelling and stress–strain methods continue to be more popular because of the convenience associated with these techniques. In this article, the determination of CLD of allophanate–urethane networks based on hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene and toluene diisocyanate with swelling and stress–strain methods is reported. The Flory–Rhener relationship was applied to calculate CLD from the swelling data. CLDs were also calculated from the initial slope of the stress–strain curve (Young's modulus), Mooney–Rivlin plots, equilibrium relaxation moduli, and dynamic mechanical properties. A comparison was drawn among the values obtained with the various methods. Although the CLD values obtained from Mooney–Rivlin plots were slightly lower than those obtained from swelling data, the values obtained with Young's modulus and storage modulus were considerably higher. The values obtained with swelling and equilibrium relaxation moduli data were very close to each other. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 103: 3129–3133, 2007

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