Structure–properties relationship in toughening of poly(butylene terephthalate) with core–shell modifier



The performance of acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS) core–shell modifier with different grafting degree, acrylonitrile (AN) content, and core–shell ratio in toughening of poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) matrix was investigated. Results show PBT/ABS blends fracture in ductile mode when the grafting degree is high, and with the decrease of grafting degree PBT/ABS blends fracture in a brittle way. The surface of rubber particles cannot be covered perfectly for ABS with low grafting degree and agglomeration will take place; on the other hand, the entanglement density between SAN and PBT matrix decreases because of the low grafting degree, inducing poor interfacial adhesion. The compatibility between PBT and ABS results from the strong interaction between PBT and SAN copolymer and the interaction is influenced by AN content. Results show ABS cannot disperse in PBT matrix uniformly when AN content is zero and PBT/ABS fractures in a brittle way. With the addition of AN in ABS, PBT/ABS blends fracture in ductile mode. The core–shell ratio of ABS copolymers has important effect on PBT/ABS blends. When the core–shell ratio is higher than 60/40 or lower than 50/50, agglomeration or cocontinuous structure occurs and PBT/ABS blends display lower impact strength. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl PolymSci 102: 5363–5371, 2006