Competitive removal of nickel (II), cobalt (II), and zinc (II) ions from aqueous solutions by starch-graft-acrylic acid copolymers



Graft copolymerization of acrylic acid (AA) onto starch was carried out with ceric ammonium nitrate as initiator under nitrogen atmosphere. The grafting percentages (GP%) of starch-graft-acrylic acid (St-g-AA) copolymers were determined. The effect of GP% of St-g-AA copolymers on the competitive removal of Co2+, Ni2+, Zn2+ ions from aqueous solution was investigated at different pH (2, 4, 6). The concentrations of each ion in aqueous solution 5 mmol/L. Effects of various parameters such as treatment time, initial pH of the solution and grafting percentage of starch graft copolymers were investigated. Metal ion removal capacities of St-g-AA copolymers increased with GP% of the copolymers and pH. The results show that the removal of metal ions followed as given in the order Co2+ > Ni2+ > Zn2+. In this study, metal ion removal capacities were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2007