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Investigating the jet stretch in the wet spinning of PAN fiber

Authors

  • Xiaomei Zeng,

    1. State Key Laboratory for Chemical Fibers Modification and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai 200051, People's Republic of China
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  • Juan Hu,

    1. State Key Laboratory for Chemical Fibers Modification and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai 200051, People's Republic of China
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  • Jiongxin Zhao,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory for Chemical Fibers Modification and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai 200051, People's Republic of China
    • State Key Laboratory for Chemical Fibers Modification and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai 200051, People's Republic of China
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  • Youwei Zhang,

    1. State Key Laboratory for Chemical Fibers Modification and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai 200051, People's Republic of China
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  • Ding Pan

    1. State Key Laboratory for Chemical Fibers Modification and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai 200051, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

The jet stretch of wet-spun PAN fiber and its effects on the cross-section shape and properties of fibers were investigated for the PAN-DMSO-H2O system. Evidently, the spinning parameters, such as dope temperature, bath concentration, and bath temperature, influenced the jet stretch. Also, under uniform conditions, the postdrawing ratio changed as well as that of jet stretch. When coagulation temperature was 35°C simultaneously with bath concentration of 70%, jet stretch impacted obviously the cross-section shapes of PAN fiber, but had little effect when the temperature was below 10°C or above 70°C. As the jet stretch ratio increased, the crystallinity, crystal size, sonic orientation, and mechanical properties of the as-spun fiber changed rapidly to a major value for jet stretch ratio of 0.9 where the cross section of as-spun fiber was circular. With further increasing of jet stretch ratio, the properties changed slightly but the fiber shape was not circular. The results indicated that appropriate jet stretch, under milder formation conditions in wet-spinning, could result in the higher postdrawing ratio and circular profile of PAN fiber, which were helpful to produce round PAN precursor with minor titer and perfect properties for carbon fiber. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 2007

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