Structure and properties of cellulose nanocomposite films containing melamine formaldehyde

Authors

  • Marielle Henriksson,

    1. Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Lars A. Berglund

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
    • Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Films of high Young's modulus and low density are of interest for application as loudspeaker membranes. In the present study nanocomposite films were prepared from microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and from MFC in combination with melamine formaldehyde (MF). The prepared materials were studied with respect to structure as well as physical and mechanical properties. Studies in SEM and calculation of porosity showed that these materials have a dense paper-like structure. The moisture sorption isotherms were measured and showed that moisture content decreased in the presence of MF. Mechanical properties were studied by dynamical mechanical thermal measurements as well as by tensile tests. Cellulose films showed an average Young's modulus of 14 GPa while the nanocomposites showed an average Young's modulus as high as 16.6 GPa and average tensile strength as high as 142 MPa. By controlling composition and structure, the range of properties of these materials can extend the property range available for existing materials. The combination of comparatively high mechanical damping and high sound propagation velocity is of technical interest. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 2007

Ancillary