Compatibilization efficiency of styrene-butadiene block copolymers as a function of their block number

Authors

  • Nina Vranješ,

    Corresponding author
    1. Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    • Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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  • František Lednický,

    1. Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Heyrovsky Sq. 2, 16206 Prague, Czech Republic
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  • Jiří Kotek,

    1. Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Heyrovsky Sq. 2, 16206 Prague, Czech Republic
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  • Josef Baldrian,

    1. Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Heyrovsky Sq. 2, 16206 Prague, Czech Republic
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  • Vesna Rek,

    1. Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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  • Ivan Fortelný,

    1. Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Heyrovsky Sq. 2, 16206 Prague, Czech Republic
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  • Zdeněk Horák

    1. Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Heyrovsky Sq. 2, 16206 Prague, Czech Republic
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Abstract

Effect of block number in linear styrene-butadiene (SB) block copolymers (BCs) on their compatibilization efficiency in blending polystyrene (PS) with polybutadiene (PB) was studied. Di-, tri-, or pentablocks of SB copolymers as well as their combinations were blended with the mentioned homopolymers; supramolecular structure determined by small angle X-ray scattering method (SAXS), morphology using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) combined with image analysis (IA), and stress transfer characteristics of the blends were chosen as criteria of compatibilization efficiency of the copolymers used. It was proved that the addition of SB BCs led to remarkably finer phase structure and substantially higher toughness of PS/PB blends. Triblock copolymer showed to be the compatibilizer with higher efficiency than diblock, pentablock, and the di/triblock copolymer mixture. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008

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