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Rheological behavior of a microcellular, oil-extended ethylene–propylene–diene rubber compound: Effects of the blowing agent curing agent, and conductive carbon black filler



The rheological behavior of microcellular, oil-extended ethylene–propylene–diene rubber (EPDM) compounds was studied in extrusions containing a blowing agent. The cell morphology development and rheological properties were studied for unfilled and conductive carbon black (Vulcan XC72, Cabot Corp., Ltd., Alpharetta, GA) filled compounds with variations of the blowing agent, extrusion temperature, and shear rate. The apparent shear stress, apparent viscosity, die swell (%), and total extrusion pressure of the Vulcan XC72 filled, oil-extended EPDM compounds were determined with a Monsanto processability tester (St. Louis, MO). The effects of the curing agent and blowing agent on the rheological properties of the compounds were also studied. A significant reduction in the stress and viscosity with the blowing agent was observed in the compound in the presence of the curing agent in comparison with those without the curing agent. The viscosity reduction factor was found to be dependent on the blowing agent loading, shear rate, and temperature. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008

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