Thermal oxidative degradation kinetics and thermal properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate) modified with poly(lactic acid)

Authors

  • Işıl Acar,

    Corresponding author
    1. Chemical Technologies Subdepartment, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Istanbul University, 34320, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey
    • Chemical Technologies Subdepartment, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Istanbul University, 34320, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey
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  • Gülin Selda Pozan,

    1. Process and Reactor Design Subdepartment, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Istanbul University, 34320, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey
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  • Saadet Özgümüş

    1. Chemical Technologies Subdepartment, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Istanbul University, 34320, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey
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Abstract

The thermal oxidative degradation kinetics of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) copolymers modified with poly(lactic acid) (PLA) were investigated with thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). The thermal properties of the modified products were also determined by differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) technique. Waste PET (P100) obtained from postconsumer water bottles was modified with a low-molecular-weight PLA. The PET/PLA weight ratio was 90/10 (P90) and 50/50 (P50) in the modified samples. The thermal oxidative degradation kinetics of the modified samples was compared with those of PET (P100). The segmented block and/or random copolymer structure of the modified samples formed by a transesterification reaction between the PLA and PET units in solution and the length of the aliphatic and aromatic blocks were found to have a great effect on the degradation behavior. On the basis of the results of the degradation kinetics determined by Kissinger method, the degradation rate of the samples decreased in the order of P50 > P90 > P100, depending on the amount of PLA in the copolymer structure. However, the degradation activation energies (EA) of the samples decreased in the order of P100 > P90 > P50. It was concluded that the degradation rate and mechanism were affected significantly by the incorporation of PLA into the copolymer structure. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008

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