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Rheology and microstructure of functionalized polymer-modified asphalt

Authors

  • J. M. Rojas,

    1. CID, Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico S.A. de C.V. (Grupo DESC) Av. de los Sauces No. 87 manzana 6, Parque Industrial Lerma. Lerma, 52000 México
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  • N. A. Hernández,

    1. CID, Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico S.A. de C.V. (Grupo DESC) Av. de los Sauces No. 87 manzana 6, Parque Industrial Lerma. Lerma, 52000 México
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  • O. Manero,

    1. Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Facultad de Química. UNAM A.P. 70-360. México, D.F., 04510 México
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  • J. Revilla

    Corresponding author
    1. CID, Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico S.A. de C.V. (Grupo DESC) Av. de los Sauces No. 87 manzana 6, Parque Industrial Lerma. Lerma, 52000 México
    • CID, Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico S.A. de C.V. (Grupo DESC) Av. de los Sauces No. 87 manzana 6, Parque Industrial Lerma. Lerma, 52000 México
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Viscoelastic and morphological properties of functionalized-polymer-modified asphalt, FPMA, have been described as function of number of epoxy groups presented in the functionalized polymer. At low temperatures, simple viscoelastic models can predict the elastic response of FPMA at short times and its viscous behavior at long times. The increase of epoxy groups yielded an increase on activation energy for viscous deformation of FPMA, and so, on its resistance to irreversible deformations under strain cycles. From ambient to higher temperatures, emulsion model can predict rheological properties of FPMA because they behave as viscoelastic emulsions. Modification of relaxation spectrum for FPMA due to the presence of a polymer network was not as strong as in normal PMA, thus, the rheological behavior of FPMA was found similar to systems having weak networks. However, the network became stronger as the number of epoxy groups was increased. This trend was verified by morphology of FPMA. Emulsion-like structure was observed for all FPMA but differentiating each other by the polymer particle size. It was also observed that increase on epoxy groups, polymer particle size in the FPMA decreased, and higher stability at 180°C of FPMA was observed. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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