Effect of functionalized SWCNTs on microstructure of PP-g-MA/OMMT/f-SWCNTs nanocomposite

Authors

  • Yao Gao,

    1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
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  • Yong Wang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
    • Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
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  • Jing Shi,

    1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
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  • Shibu Zhu,

    1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
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  • Yanling Bao,

    1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
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  • Hongwei Bai,

    1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
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  • Yanli Li

    1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
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Abstract

The aim of this work was to study the effect of functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (f-SWCNTs) on the microstructure of PP-g-MA/organic modified montmorillonite (OMMT)/f-SWCNTs ternary nanocomposite. Pristine SWCNTs were chemically modified by maleic anhydride to improve the interaction between PP-g-MA and nanotubes. The dispersion states of OMMT in the different nanocomposites were investigated by wide angle X-ray diffraction. The morphologies of the nanocomposites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy. Crystallization behaviors of nanocomposites were studied through differential scanning calorimetry and polarizing optical microscopy. Different than the PP-g-MA/OMMT binary nanocomposite, in which the OMMT is mainly in an exfoliated state, the ternary PP-g-MA/OMMT/f-SWCNTs nanocomposite exhibits mostly intercalated OMMT. Furthermore, in the ternary nanocomposite, the crystallization of polymer is mainly induced by f-SWCNTs rather than by OMMT. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

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