Synthesis and characterization of unsaturated polyesters based on the aminolysis of poly(ethylene terephthalate)



The depolymerization of poly(ethylene terephthalate) via an aminolysis process was studied. An excess of ethanol amine in the presence of sodium acetate as a catalyst was used to produce bis(2-hydroxyl ethylene) terephthalamide (BHETA). Unsaturated polyester (UP) resins were obtained by the reaction of BHETA with different long-chain dibasic acids such as decanedioic acid, tetradecanoic acid, and octadecanoic acid in conjunction with maleic anhydride as a source of unsaturation. The chemical structure of the UP resins was confirmed by 1H-NMR. The vinyl ester resins were used as crosslinking agents for UP. The curing behavior and mechanical properties of the UP resins with vinyl ester were evaluated at different temperatures ranging from 25 to 55°C. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009