• blowing agents;
  • curing of polymers


This article deals with the effect of cellulosic fiber from commercially available writing paper, bleached kraft pulp, and commercially available rice flour on the foaming of polyurethane based on polyol derived from soy bean oil. The presence of cellulosic materials was observed to have a notable influence on the density of the foams. Changes in the density of different foams were correlated with possible chemical structures generated in the presence of the fiber and were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Furthermore, differential scanning calorimetry analysis was performed to lend support to possible changes in foaming behavior in the presence of refined fiber. Scanning electron microscopy observations were in line with the observation of structures generated in the presence of cellulosic fibers from different sources. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009