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Evaluation of new 3-mercaptopropionate thiols for thiol-ene photopolymerization coatings using experimental design

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Abstract

Three 3-mercaptopropionate thiols, 1,6-Hexane bis(3-mercaptopropionate) (HD-SH), trans-1,4-Cyclohexanedimethyl bis(3-mercaptopropionate) (CHDM-SH), and 4,4′-Isopropylidenedicyclohexane bis(3-mercaptopropionate) (HBPA-SH) were formulated with 1,3,5-triallyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione (TATATO) and photoinitiator. The formulations were photopolymerized via thiol-ene photopolymerization. A ternary experimental design was employed to elucidate the influence the three thiols on the thermomechanical and coatings properties of thiol-ene photopolymerizable materials. Tensile strength, tensile modulus, elongation-to-break, glass transition temperature (Tg), and crosslink density (XLD) were investigated. Coating properties including pencil hardness, pull-off adhesion, MEK double rubs, and gloss were also investigated. Relative reaction conversion was determined by photo differential scanning calorimeter (PDSC). Thiol-ene photopolymerizable materials containing HBPA-SH resulted in improving tensile strength, tensile modulus, Tg, and pencil hardness but lowering of crosslink density and relative conversion. This was attributed to steric and rigidity of the double cycloaliphatic structure. The inclusion of CHDM-SH into the systems resulted in the synergistic effect on elongation-to-break and pull-off adhesion. The HD-SH generally resulted in a diminution of thermomechanical and coating properties, but improved the crosslink density. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

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