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Preparation of chitosan bicomponent nanofibers filled with hydroxyapatite nanoparticles via electrospinning

Authors

  • Kai Shen,

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Key laboratory of Macromolecule Synthesis and Functionalization of Ministry of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China
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  • Qiaoling Hu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Key laboratory of Macromolecule Synthesis and Functionalization of Ministry of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China
    • Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Key laboratory of Macromolecule Synthesis and Functionalization of Ministry of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China
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  • Liang Chen,

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Key laboratory of Macromolecule Synthesis and Functionalization of Ministry of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China
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  • Jiacong Shen

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Key laboratory of Macromolecule Synthesis and Functionalization of Ministry of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

Chitosan (CS) bicomponent nanofibers with an average diameter controlled from 100 to 50 nm were successfully prepared by electrospinning of CS and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) blend solution. Finer fibers and more efficient fiber formations were observed with increased PVA contents. On this contribution, a uniform and ultrafine nanofibrous CS bicomponent mats filled with hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles were successfully electrospun in a well devised condition. An increase in the contents of HA nanoparticles caused the conductivity of the blend solution to increase from 1.06 mS/cm (0 wt % HA) to 2.27 mS/cm (0.5 wt % HA), 2.35 mS/cm (1.0 wt % HA), respectively, and the average diameter of the composite fibers to decrease from 59 ± 10 nm(0 wt % HA) to 49 ± 10 nm (0.5 wt % HA), 46 ± 10 nm (1.0 wt % HA), respectively. SEM images showed that some particles had filled in the nanofibers whereas the others had dispersed on the surface of fibers, and EDXA results indicated that both the nanoparticles filled in the nanofibers and those adhered to the fibers were HA particles. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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