Adsorption of anionic textile dye Acid Green 9 from aqueous solution onto weak or strong base anion exchangers



The aim of this work is to study the thermodynamic and kinetic studies with regard to the adsorption of Acid Green 9 (AG9) on the most efficient resin, namely, acrylic weak base anion exchange resin with ethylenediamine-functional groups (A1) selected from several anion exchange resins. The influence of the various experimental parameters such as, pH, initial dye concentration, contact time, temperature, and adsorbent dose was investigated by batch experiments. The extent of the dye adsorption increased with the decrease of the initial dye concentration and the increase of the contact time, temperature, and amount of the adsorbent. Adsorption process was quantitative and very fast at low concentrations of the dye. To investigate the mechanism of the adsorption and potential rate-controlling steps, pseudo first- and second-order, as well as intraparticle diffusion kinetic equations have been used. The adsorption kinetic of AG9 dye from aqueous solution onto A1 could be described by the pseudo second-order reaction model. The obtained results are in agreement with the Langmuir and Freundlich models. In the optimum conditions established, an adsorption capacity of 500 mg textile dye (72% purity) g−1 adsorbent (at 293 K) was reached. Desorption experiments by batch and dynamic methods were performed using a solution of 0.05 mol L−1 NaOH. A series of 13 adsorption–desorption cycles were carried out by the dynamic method with a quantitative adsorption and the desorption efficiency higher than 95%. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009