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Fabrication and characterization of PEO/PPC polymer electrolyte for lithium-ion battery

Authors

  • Xiao-Yuan Yu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, Institute of Optoelectronic and Functional Composite Materials, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, People's Republic of China
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  • Min Xiao,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, Institute of Optoelectronic and Functional Composite Materials, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, People's Republic of China
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  • Shuang-Jin Wang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, Institute of Optoelectronic and Functional Composite Materials, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, People's Republic of China
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  • Qi-Qiang Zhao,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, Institute of Optoelectronic and Functional Composite Materials, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, People's Republic of China
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  • Yue-Zhong Meng

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, Institute of Optoelectronic and Functional Composite Materials, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, People's Republic of China
    • State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, Institute of Optoelectronic and Functional Composite Materials, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

A new poly(propylene carbonate)/poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO/PPC) polymer electrolytes (PEs) have been developed by solution-casting technique using biodegradable PPC and PEO. The morphology, structure, and thermal properties of the PEO/PPC polymer electrolytes were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and differential scanning calorimetry methods. The ionic conductivity and the electrochemical stability window of the PEO/PPC polymer electrolytes were also measured. The results showed that the Tg and the crystallinity of PEO decrease, and consequently, the ionic conductivity increases because of the addition of amorphous PPC. The PEO/50%PPC/10%LiClO4 polymer electrolyte possesses good properties such as 6.83 × 10−5 S cm−1 of ionic conductivity at room temperature and 4.5 V of the electrochemical stability window. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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