Preparation and characterization of flame-retardant melamine cyanurate/polyamide 6 nanocomposites by in situ polymerization

Authors

  • Zhi-Yong Wu,

    1. Polymer Institute, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
    2. Rubber Department of Baling Petrochemical Limited Liability Company, SINOPEC, Yueyang 414000, China
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  • Wei Xu,

    1. Polymer Institute, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
    2. Rubber Department of Baling Petrochemical Limited Liability Company, SINOPEC, Yueyang 414000, China
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  • Yao-Chi Liu,

    1. Polymer Institute, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
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  • Jin-Kui Xia,

    1. Rubber Department of Baling Petrochemical Limited Liability Company, SINOPEC, Yueyang 414000, China
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  • Qian-Xin Wu,

    1. Rubber Department of Baling Petrochemical Limited Liability Company, SINOPEC, Yueyang 414000, China
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  • Wei-Jian Xu

    Corresponding author
    1. Polymer Institute, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
    • Polymer Institute, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
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Abstract

This article focuses on an improved method, i.e., improved in situ polymerization of ε-caprolactam in the presence of melamine derivatives to prepare flame-retardant melamine cyanurate/polyamide 6 (MCA/PA6) nanocomposites. The chemical structures of these synthetic flame retardant composites are characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Morphologies, mechanical properties, and thermal properties also are investigated by the use of transmission electron microscopy, mechanical testing apparatus, differential scanning calorimetry, and thermogravimetric analysis, respectively. Through transmission electron microscopy photographs, it can be found that the in situ-formed MCA nanoparticles with diametric size of less than 50 nm are nanoscaled, highly uniformly dispersed in the PA6 matrix. These nanocomposites, which have good mechanical properties, can reach UL-94 V-0 rating at 1.6-mm thickness even at a relatively low MCA loading level. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

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