The effects of spinning temperature on morphologies and properties of polyethersulfone hollow fiber membranes

Authors

  • Li-Ping Zhu,

    1. Institute of Polymer Science and Key Laboratory Macromolecule Synthesis and Functionalization (Ministry of Education), Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China
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  • Jing-Zhen Yu,

    1. Institute of Polymer Science and Key Laboratory Macromolecule Synthesis and Functionalization (Ministry of Education), Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China
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  • You-Yi Xu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Polymer Science and Key Laboratory Macromolecule Synthesis and Functionalization (Ministry of Education), Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China
    • Institute of Polymer Science and Key Laboratory Macromolecule Synthesis and Functionalization (Ministry of Education), Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China
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  • Bao-Ku Zhu

    1. Institute of Polymer Science and Key Laboratory Macromolecule Synthesis and Functionalization (Ministry of Education), Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

Polyethersulfone (PES) hollow fiber membranes were prepared by traditional dry-wet spinning technique. Scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) was used to characterize membrane morphologies, and the membrane properties were evaluated via bubble point measurements and ultrafiltration experiments. The effects of spinning temperature on the morphologies and properties of PES fibers were investigated in detail. At a high spinning temperature, the obtained membrane structure consisting of a thin skin-layer and loose sponge-like sublayer endows PES membrane with not only good permeability, but also high solute rejection. Based on the determination of ternary phase diagrams and light transmittance curves, the relationship of membrane morphologies with thermodynamics and precipitation kinetics of membrane-forming system was discussed. It was concluded that the morphologies and properties of PES hollow fiber membrane could be conveniently tuned by the adjustment of the spinning temperature and air gap. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

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