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Effects of the process parameters on the initial burst release of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microspheres containing bovine serum albumin by the double-emulsion solvent evaporation/extraction method

Authors

  • Zheng Wang

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 4, Singapore 117576
    • Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 4, Singapore 117576
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Abstract

The effects of fabrication parameters on the morphology, drug loading, and initial burst release of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microspheres loaded with bovine serum albumin were investigated to establish an optimal process and system for the in vivo delivery of therapeutic proteins. Through the addition of salts or sugars to induce an osmotic pressure in the external water phase, large microspheres were seen to have their morphology, drug loading, and initial burst release significantly affected. However, the effect was not observed for compact microspheres less than 10 μm in diameter. The presence of poly(vinyl alcohol), Pluronic F127, and Tween 80 in the internal water phase had detrimental effects on the drug loading because of the depressed stability of the primary emulsion and competitive interactions of surface-active substances with the polymer. However, the simultaneous addition of salts to the external water phase resulted in enhanced drug loading and decreased initial burst. The polymer concentration and volume of the internal water phase were important factors influencing the characteristics of the microspheres. These parameters were optimized for achieving the maximal drug loading and a low initial burst. The solvent extraction method yielded microspheres with a higher drug loading and a lower initial burst in comparison with the solvent evaporation method. Different ranges of protein encapsulation efficiencies were obtained with blends of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) and poly(ethylene glycol), depending on the molecular weight and content of poly(ethylene glycol). © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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