Phase behavior of a sodium dodecanol allyl sulfosuccinic diester/n-pentanol/methyl acrylate/butyl acrylate/water microemulsion system and preparation of acrylate latexes by microemulsion polymerization

Authors

  • Aixi Hu,

    Corresponding author
    1. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan 410082, People's Republic of China
    • College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan 410082, People's Republic of China
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  • Zhigang Yao,

    1. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, People's Republic of China
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  • Xi Yu

    1. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

Pseudoternary phase diagrams of quaternary microemulsion systems composed of the reactive surfactant sodium dodecanol allyl sulfosuccinic diester, n-pentanol, methyl acrylate/butyl acrylate, and water were made. The influence of the mass ratio of sodium dodecanol allyl sulfosuccinic diester to the cosurfactant (n-pentanol) in the system and the influence of electrolyte sodium chloride on the microemulsion area were examined. The microstructure of the microemulsion was determined with a conductance technique. The results suggested that there were three structures in the microemulsion system: water in oil, oil in water, and a bicontinuous phase. Microemulsion polymerizations were carried with some point in the microemulsion region being chosen as the formulation. The structure and configuration of the polymer latexes were determined and analyzed with Fourier transform infrared, differential scanning calorimetry, and scanning electron microscopy. The results suggested that the reactive surfactant could participate in the polymerization with the monomers to some extent; the glass-transition temperature of the latex was −31.4°C. The polymer latex was transformed gradually from an open porous structure to a closed porous structure when its pregnant microemulsion was varied from a bicontinuous structure to an oil-in-water structure. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

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