Get access

Preparation and investigation of ethylene–vinyl acetate copolymer/silicone rubber/clay nanocomposites

Authors

  • Shoulin Fang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China
    2. Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Yuan Hu,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China
    • State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Lei Song,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Jing Wu

    1. State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

In this article, the combination of silicone rubber (SR) elastomer with synthetic iron montmorillonite (Fe-MMT) to form a kind of new flame-retardant system based on an ethylene–vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer is first reported. Also, the flame retardancy of the EVA/SR/Fe-MMT hybrid are compared with that of EVA/SR/natural sodium montmorillonite. The structures of the nanocomposites were characterized with X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Cone calorimeter tests and thermogravimetric analysis were used to evaluate the flame-retardant properties and thermal stability of the composites, respectively. In addition, tensile tests were carried out with a universal testing machine, and the morphology of the fracture surface was observed with environmental scanning electron microscopy. We found that SR/organophilic montmorillonite (Fe-OMT) was more effective in reducing the primary peak heat release rate of the nanocomposite, and the EVA/SR/Fe-OMT hybrid had a higher thermal stability in the deacetylated polymer than EVA/SR/sodium organophilic montmorillonite. Moreover, the exfoliated EVA/SR/Fe-OMT nanocomposite displayed excellent mechanical properties because of a better dispersion of Fe-OMT in the polymer matrix, and a possible mechanism is discussed. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary