Thermal-shrinkage investigation of the chemical reaction during the stabilization of polyacrylonitrile fibers

Authors

  • Yongping Hou,

    1. Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials, Shanxi Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001, People's Republic of China
    2. Graduate University, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, People's Republic of China
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  • Tongqing Sun,

    1. Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials, Shanxi Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001, People's Republic of China
    2. Graduate University, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, People's Republic of China
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  • Haojing Wang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials, Shanxi Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001, People's Republic of China
    • Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials, Shanxi Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001, People's Republic of China
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  • Dong Wu

    1. Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials, Shanxi Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

It has been proposed that during the stabilization of polyacrylonitrile fibers, the reaction is initiated in the amorphous region and then propagates to the ordered region. However, the evidence is unsatisfactory, and some is quite controversial. It has been confirmed in this study through an examination of the shrinkage behavior and properties of stabilized polyacrylonitrile fibers that the cyclization reaction is initiated at 160°C in the amorphous region and that it propagates to the ordered region at about 200°C. Most of the nitriles can be transferred to a ladder polymer structure when the stabilization temperature is beyond 240°C, and the key temperature during stabilization is 240°C. For a higher degree of cyclization, the stabilization temperature should not be below 240°C. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

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