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Poly(vinylbenzylchloride) beads grafted with polymer brushes carrying hydrazine ligand for reversible enzyme immobilization



Poly(glycidylmethacrylate), p(GMA), brush grafted poly(vinylbenzyl chloride/ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate), p(VBC/EGDMA), beads were prepared by suspension polymerization and the beads were grafted with poly(glycidyl methacrylate), p(GMA), via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization aiming to construct a material surface with fibrous polymer. The epoxy groups of the fibrous polymer were reacted with hydrazine (HDZ) to create affinity binding site on the support for adsorption of protein. The influence of pH, and initial invertase concentration on the immobilization capacity of the p(VBC/EGDMA-g-GMA)-HDZ beads has been investigated. Maximum invertase immobilization onto hydrazine functionalized beads was found to be 86.7 mg/g at pH 4.0. The experimental equilibrium data obtained invertase adsorption onto p(VBC/EGDMA-g-GMA)-HDZ affinity beads fitted well to the Langmuir isotherm model. It was shown that the relative activity of immobilized invertase was higher than that of the free enzyme over broader pH and temperature ranges. The Km and Vmax values of the immobilized invertase were larger than those of the free enzyme. After inactivation of enzyme, p(VBC/EGDMA-g-GMA)-HDZ beads can be easily regenerated and reloaded with the enzyme for repeated use. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009