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Modification of ramie fiber with an amine-containing polymer via atom transfer radical polymerization

Authors

  • Zhao-Tie Liu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry (Ministry of Education), Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, People's Republic of China
    2. School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, People's Republic of China
    • Key Laboratory of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry (Ministry of Education), Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, People's Republic of China
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  • Chang'an Sun,

    1. Key Laboratory of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry (Ministry of Education), Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, People's Republic of China
    2. School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, People's Republic of China
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  • Zhong-Wen Liu,

    1. Key Laboratory of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry (Ministry of Education), Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, People's Republic of China
    2. School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, People's Republic of China
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  • Jian Lu

    1. Key Laboratory of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry (Ministry of Education), Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

The covalent bonding of tertiary amine 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate to ramie fiber via atom transfer radical polymerization was obtained with a brominated initiator and the catalyst CuCl/1,10-phenanthroline. The results reveal that poly[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate] (PDMAEMA) was successfully immobilized on the surface of the ramie fiber in a controlled polymerization. After the grafting with PDMAEMA, the crystal structure of cellulose I in the ramie fiber was still preserved, and the lateral size of the microfibrils, calculated on the basis of plane 002, was slightly increased. As a demonstration of possible applications, the modified fiber was dyed with CI Reactive Red 2. The dye uptake, which almost linearly increased with increasing molecular weight of PDMAEMA attached on the ramie fiber, was raised to be over 15 times that of the raw fiber. The reason was that the reactivity between the tertiary amines in PDMAEMA and the dichlorotriazinyl group in the dye molecules was much higher than that between the hydroxyl groups in the ramie fiber and the reactive groups in the dye molecules. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

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