In situ polymerization of aniline on acrylamide grafted cotton

Authors

  • Rong Li,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Science and Technology of Eco-Textile, Ministry of Education, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, People's Republic of China
    2. National Engineering Research Center for Dyeing and Finishing of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, People's Republic of China
    • Key Laboratory of Science and Technology of Eco-Textile, Ministry of Education, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, People's Republic of China
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  • Gaofeng Liu,

    1. National Engineering Research Center for Dyeing and Finishing of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, People's Republic of China
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  • Feng Gu,

    1. National Engineering Research Center for Dyeing and Finishing of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, People's Republic of China
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  • Zheng Wang,

    1. National Engineering Research Center for Dyeing and Finishing of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, People's Republic of China
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  • Yang Song,

    1. National Engineering Research Center for Dyeing and Finishing of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, People's Republic of China
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  • Jianqing Wang

    1. National Engineering Research Center for Dyeing and Finishing of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

In this article, polyaniline (PANI)/cotton composite were prepared by in situ polymerization on the grafted cotton. First, acrylamide was grafted onto cotton cellulose using a radical graft polymerization process and some influencing factors were studied. Then polyaniline/cotton conductive composite fabrics were prepared by chemical in situ polymerization on the grafted cotton. The influences of the concentration of ammonium persulfate, aniline, hydrochloric acid, and the reaction time to the conductivity and K/S of composite fabric were studied. By contrasting, graft brought on an improvement of about one order of magnitude to the conductivity of composite fabric. The strength, TG, FTIR-ATR, and SEM of prepared fabric were measured. The thermal stability and tear strength of composite fabric reduced, whereas PANI exhibited a rough but uniform, coherent PANI coating on surface of cotton fiber. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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