Effects of two different maleic anhydride-modified adhesion promoters (PP-g-MA) on the structure and mechanical properties of nanofilled polyolefins

Authors

  • P. Eteläaho,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory of Plastics and Elastomer Technology, Tampere University of Technology, Korkeakoulunkatu 6, 33720 Tampere, Finland
    • Laboratory of Plastics and Elastomer Technology, Tampere University of Technology, Korkeakoulunkatu 6,33720 Tampere, Finland
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  • K. Nevalainen,

    1. Laboratory of Plastics and Elastomer Technology, Tampere University of Technology, Korkeakoulunkatu 6, 33720 Tampere, Finland
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  • R. Suihkonen,

    1. Laboratory of Plastics and Elastomer Technology, Tampere University of Technology, Korkeakoulunkatu 6, 33720 Tampere, Finland
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  • J. Vuorinen,

    1. Laboratory of Plastics and Elastomer Technology, Tampere University of Technology, Korkeakoulunkatu 6, 33720 Tampere, Finland
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  • P. Järvelä

    1. Laboratory of Plastics and Elastomer Technology, Tampere University of Technology, Korkeakoulunkatu 6, 33720 Tampere, Finland
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Abstract

The effects of adhesion promoter properties on the structure and mechanical behavior of nanoclay-filled polyolefin nanocomposites are presented. Two different maleic anhydride-modified polypropylenes having varying maleic anhydride content and molecular weight were used. The influence of these parameters on the performance and morphology of the prepared polypropylene and high density polyethylene-based nanocomposites was examined by mechanical testing, X-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy. The low molecular weight adhesion promoter seemed to be effective in both matrices in relation to mechanical property enhancements, whereas its high molecular weight counterpart performed well only in polyethylene matrix. X-ray diffraction results and examination of morphology revealed that the intercalation and the dispersion of the nanoclay were more even in both matrices when the low molecular weight adhesion promoter with a higher maleic anhydride content was used. On the other hand, the use of high molecular weight adhesion promoter led to a less uniform dispersion but also to a greater amount of exfoliated clay particles. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

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