Strain effect on recovery behaviors from circular deformation of natural rubber vulcanizate



The recovery behaviors of vulcanized natural rubber from circular deformation were studied by varying sample length to investigate the influence of the degree of applied strain to the sample. The stress and strain varied uniformly across the thickness of the sample, and the degree of applied stress and strain to the sample decreased with increasing the sample length. The linear sample was made into a circular form and thermally aged in a convection oven. The recovery was measured after removing from the circular deformation. The recovery increased by decreasing the sample length. The difference in recoveries of the samples with different lengths reduced at high temperature. The short sample had higher heat-resisting property for recovery than the long sample. The experimental results were explained by the rearrangement and stabilization of the deformed rubber chains as well as the crosslink density change. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009