Polyamide 6 composites reinforced with silicon nitride whiskers: Synthesis, interface interaction, and mechanical properties

Authors

  • Lanjie Li,

    1. CAS Key Laboratory of Engineering Plastics, Joint Laboratory of Polymer Science and Materials, Institute of Chemistry, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, People's Republic of China
    2. Graduate School, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, People's Republic of China
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  • Guisheng Yang

    Corresponding author
    1. CAS Key Laboratory of Engineering Plastics, Joint Laboratory of Polymer Science and Materials, Institute of Chemistry, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, People's Republic of China
    2. Shanghai Genius Advanced Materials Co., Ltd., Shanghai 201109, People's Republic of China
    • CAS Key Laboratory of Engineering Plastics, Joint Laboratory of Polymer Science and Materials, Institute of Chemistry, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

In this study, polyamide 6 (PA6)/silicon nitride whisker (SNW) composites were fabricated via in situ hydrolytic ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactam. By this novel method, SNWs can be dispersed uniformly in PA6 matrix. The interface interaction between SNW and PA6 was investigated, and the reinforcing efficiency of SNW on PA6 was evaluated. It was revealed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy that a large amount of polar groups, such as [BOND]SiOH, [BOND]NH, and [BOND]NH2, were present on the SNWs, by which hydrogen bonding and covalent bonding can be formed at interface. Mechanical test showed that at a loading of 5.0 wt % SNW, the tensile strength, tensile modulus, flexural strength, flexural modulus, and impact strength of PA6/SNW composite were 37.9, 80.5, 60.3, 73.9, and 64% higher than those of neat PA6, respectively. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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