Effect of surface esterification with octenyl succinic anhydride on hydrophilicity of corn starch films

Authors

  • Jiang Zhou,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education), College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China
    • Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education), College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China
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  • Lili Ren,

    1. Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education), College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China
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  • Jin Tong,

    1. Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education), College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China
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  • Yunhai Ma

    1. Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education), College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China
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Abstract

Surface of corn starch films was modified through esterification using octenyl succinic anhydride as reactant. Physical properties of the films, moisture absorption, and water contact angle were measured to characterize the effect of the surface esterification modification. The influences of the concentration of alkaline aqueous solution for activating starch, reaction temperature, and time were investigated. It was found that the pretreatments with 1.0% or 2.0% NaOH aqueous solution and reacting at 35°C for 6 h gave rise to films possessing higher water contact angle, lower equilibrium moisture content, and moisture absorption rate at 95% relative humidity (RH). After the surface esterification modification, the equilibrium moisture content of the starch film decreased up to 29% at 95% RH and the surface water contact angle of the film increased up to 83%. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

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