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Starch–acrylics graft copolymers and blends: Synthesis, characterization, and applications as matrix for drug delivery

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Abstract

A series of acrylic monomers–starch graft copolymers were prepared by ceric ion initiation method by varying the amount of monomers. These graft copolymers were characterized by IR and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. It was seen that as the concentration of monomer [acrylic acid (AA), methacrylic acid (MA), and methyl methacrylate (MMA)] increased the percent add-on increased in all the graft copolymers, whereas grafting efficiency increased initially but showed a slight decrease with further increase in the monomer concentration (except for MMA). The release rate of paracetamol as a model drug from graft copolymers as well as their blends was studied at two different pH, 1.2 and 7.4, spectrophotometrically. The release of paracetamol in phosphate buffer solution at pH 1.2 was insignificant in the first 3 h for St-g-PAA- and St-g-PMA-graft copolymers, which was attributed to the matrix compaction and stabilization through hydrogen bonding at lower pH. At pH 7.4, the release rate was seen to decrease with increase in add-on. The tablet containing poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) did not disintegrate at the end of 30–32 h, which may be attributed to the hydrophobic nature of PMMA. These results indicate that the graft copolymers may be useful to overcome the harsh environment of the stomach and can be used as excipients in colon-targeting matrices. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

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