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Keywords:

  • crosslinking;
  • modification;
  • fibers

Abstract

Fibrillation-controlled lyocell fibers were developed by crosslinking reactions between dialdehyde cellulose (DAC) and multifunctional amines. DAC lyocell fibers were manufactured by partial oxidation with sodium metaperiodate and were successfully crosslinked with two multifunctional amines by Schiff-base formation. The amorphous regions and the char formations, which were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis, increased with the degree of oxidation. After the crosslinking reactions, an increase in the amorphous regions also appeared, whereas the thermal stability was somewhat improved by the chain crosslinking. These results were in good agreement with viscosity-average degree of polymerization values in that they diminished with oxidation level and increased with the crosslinking reactions. The water retention value and moisture regain value decreased with the oxidation and crosslinking levels, which implied that the swellability of fibers and the water absorbency in characteristic sites decreased with them. The increase in the dry crease recovery angle also confirmed the presence of hemiacetal crosslinks in the DAC and amine crosslinks between the DAC and the amines. The fibrillation grade of the crosslinked fibers diminished with oxidation level and the amine concentration. In particular, the fibrillation properties of the crosslinked fibers with 4-hydroxy-2,4,6-triaminopyrimidine sulfate salt were more easily controlled than those of the crosslinked fibers with 2,4,6-triamino-1,3,5-triazine. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010