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Optimization of adhesive joints of low density polyethylene (LDPE) composite laminates with polyolefin foam using corona discharge plasma

Authors

  • Monica Pascual,

    1. Textile Research Institute (AITEX), Plaza Emilio Sala 1, Alcoy, Alicante 03801, Spain
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  • Oscar Calvo,

    1. Textile Research Institute (AITEX), Plaza Emilio Sala 1, Alcoy, Alicante 03801, Spain
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  • Lourdes Sanchez-Nácher,

    1. Materials Technology Institute (ITM), Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Plaza Ferrandiz y Carbonell s/n, Alcoy, Alicante 03801, Spain
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  • Maria Angeles Bonet,

    1. Department of Textile Engineering (DITEXPA), Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Plaza Ferrandiz y Carbonell s/n, Alcoy, Alicante 03801, Spain
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  • David Garcia-Sanoguera,

    1. Materials Technology Institute (ITM), Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Plaza Ferrandiz y Carbonell s/n, Alcoy, Alicante 03801, Spain
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  • Rafael Balart

    Corresponding author
    1. Materials Technology Institute (ITM), Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Plaza Ferrandiz y Carbonell s/n, Alcoy, Alicante 03801, Spain
    • Materials Technology Institute (ITM), Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Plaza Ferrandiz y Carbonell s/n, Alcoy, Alicante 03801, Spain
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Abstract

In this work, surface modification of low density polyethylene (LDPE) film has been carried out to optimize adhesive joints with polyolefin foam for uses in technological applications. LDPE films were modified in a continuous way using corona discharge plasma with different powers, ranging from 200 to 600 W and several film advance rates in the 5–20 m min−1 range. Changes in surface wettability have been studied with contact angle measurements and subsequent solid surface energy calculation. A polyurethane adhesive was used to join the LDPE film to a polyethylene foam. Mechanical performance of the adhesive joints has been determined by T-peel tests and also the aging effects of several hydrothermal conditions have been studied to evaluate the usefulness of these laminate composites in technological applications. Results show that corona discharge powers between 400 and 600 W are suitable in terms of wettability improvement; on other hand, a slight decrease in surface wettability as the film advance rate increases is detected but the overall changes as a consequence of the film advance rate in the 5–20 m min−1 range are small if compared to changes derived from working powers in the 200–600 W range. Adhesive joints offer excellent mechanical performance and good durability in hydrothermal conditions thus being appropriate for technical applications. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

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