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Highly stable hexamethylolmelamine microcapsules containing n-octadecane prepared by in situ encapsulation

Authors

  • M. Palanikkumaran,

    1. Research Group on Smart and Innovative Textile Materials, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110 016, India
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  • Kishor K. Gupta,

    1. Research Group on Smart and Innovative Textile Materials, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110 016, India
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  • Ashwini K. Agrawal,

    Corresponding author
    1. Research Group on Smart and Innovative Textile Materials, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110 016, India
    • Research Group on Smart and Innovative Textile Materials, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110 016, India
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  • Manjeet Jassal

    Corresponding author
    1. Research Group on Smart and Innovative Textile Materials, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110 016, India
    • Research Group on Smart and Innovative Textile Materials, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110 016, India
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Abstract

A systematic study has been carried out to investigate the effect of formaldehyde-to-melamine molar ratio varying from 2.5 to 8, core-to-wall ratio from 1 to 4 and curing conditions used during the encapsulation process on the properties of microcapsules that contain n-octadecane as the core material and melamine-formaldehyde as the wall material. The microcapsules so obtained were characterized for their core content, encapsulation efficiency, thermal, and solvent stabilities. Using the modified encapsulation process with a formaldehyde- to-melamine ratio of 8 and core-to-wall ratio of 2, microcapsules with a high core content of (70%) and a heat storage capacity of >160 J/g could be obtained. The capsules were found to be stable upto a temperature of 100°C and also stable to cyclohexane wash. A thermoregulated fabric was also prepared by coating the capsules on a cellulose-polyester fabric to give a heat storage capacity of >100 J/g. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009

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